Jaundice – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

The main cause of jaundice is a substance called bilirubin which is produced in the blood and cells of the body when the red blood cells (RBCs) in our body break down. Then yellow-colored bilirubin starts forming in our body when due to some reason this substance cannot filter out from the blood to the liver and out of the body, or it takes the form of jaundice. Jaundice is a disease in which total serum The level of bilirubin falls above 3 mg of deciliter (mg/dl).

Due to which the patient has a lot of problems. The main symptoms of jaundice are the white part of the eyes turns yellow. The color of the entire body also turns yellow. Usually, the problem of jaundice is more in newborns, but now this problem has started happening in adults too. Often some other symptoms also appear, such as severe pain in the stomach, loss of appetite, abnormally decreased weight, etc.

For the treatment of jaundice in children, the help of phototherapy is taken as well as they are given blood transfusion but in the case of jaundice in adults, medicines glucose and in some cases operation is also done. If the patient is left in the absence of treatment in the event of jaundice, it directly affects the brain and can lead to many other complications.

Types of Jaundice

Hemolytic Jaundice:

If (RBC) red blood cells break down prematurely, bilirubin can be produced in such a large amount that the liver cannot handle, that is, it cannot filter. This causes jaundice due to an increased amount of unprocessed bilirubin in the blood, causing the eyes and skin to appear pale. This is called pre-hepatic jaundice or hemolytic jaundice. This condition can also be caused by genetic or side effects of some medicines.

Hepatocellular Jaundice:

Many times liver cells cause hepatocellular jaundice. Newborns lack maturation of enzymes that are considered essential for the process of bilirubin. The newborn’s liver is not fully developed causing jaundice. But older people have hepatocellular jaundice due to excessive alcohol smoking and side effects of medicines.

Post-hepatic jaundice or obstructive jaundice:

Bilirubin is increased due to obstruction in the bile duct, whose color in the urine becomes yellow. This is called post-hepatic jaundice or obstructive jaundice.

Symptoms of Jaundice

The most prominent symptom of jaundice is the white part of the eyes and yellowing of the body, but there are many other symptoms of jaundice as well.

  •     fever
  •     Weakness
  •     More tired
  •     loss of appetite
  •     Weight loss
  •     Nausea
  •     Light-colored stool
  •     stomach ache
  •     Constipation
  •     Headache
  •     Yellow pee
  •     Body irritation

If you want to keep your life healthy and stay away from serious problems like jaundice then you have to keep your liver healthy. For this, you need to stay away from alcohol, smoking, and other drugs and have a balanced diet. With which you can get rid of this severe liver problems.

Cause of jaundice

If the amount of bilirubin in the blood exceeds 2.5, then the process of cleaning the liver of the liver stops, which causes jaundice, but other causes of jaundice are also responsible such as-

     Premature birth of a newborn
     Birth injury
     Blood type
     Having difficulty breastfeeding.

Prevent jaundice

As we all know liver is a very important part of our body because it is the only organ that helps us to digest the food we eat along with it or it also helps us in removing toxins from the body. Therefore, it is our duty also to protect our liver, so that we have to follow these rules.

  •     Eating a balanced diet
  •     Exercise regularly
  •     Drink clean and clean water
  •     Avoiding the consumption of alcohol and smoking
  •     Avoiding unprotected sex with one or more partners.